Gamut | The range of notes in a piece, from the lowest to the highest; the same as a ‘palette’ in painting.
Garage rock | A style of unpolished energetic rock music associated with suburban amateur bands; developed as a byproduct of the rock and roll explosion of the late 1950s and 1960s and the relative cheapness of musical equipment at that time.
G-clef | (See treble clef.)
Genre | A general type or kind of music, such as pop, rock and roll, reggae, soul, jazz, etc.
Gig | A live performance by a musician or group playing jazz or popular music; the term is mainly used by smaller bands (the term may become ‘show’ or ‘concert’ as the band’s popularity increases).
Giocoso | (See scherzando.)
Glam rock | A style of rock music first popular in the early 1970s, featuring (typically male) performers wearing flamboyant clothes and makeup. (Also glitter rock.)
Glee club | A choral group that specializes in singing short songs.
Glitter rock | (See glam rock.)
Glockenspiel | A percussion instrument consisting of tuned metal bars mounted in a frame that are struck with small mallets to produce a bright metallic sound. (See orchestral bells.)
Gong | A percussion instrument consisting of a flat metal disc that is typically suspended in a frame and struck with a heavy mallet. (Also tam-tam.)
Gospel music | A type of religious popular music that developed in the twentieth century; characterized by dominant vocals (often with a strong use of harmony); the precursor of soul music.
Grandioso | A general term that means ‘grandly.’ (Also maestoso.)
Grand opera | A style of opera focusing on serious, historical plots with huge choruses, crowd scenes, elaborate dance episodes, ornate costumes, and spectacular scenery.
Grand staff | The treble clef and the bass clef combined (often joined together by a vertical line and brace; commonly used to notate keyboard music. (Also great staff.)
Grave | A tempo marking that means ‘very slow and solemn.’
Grazioso | A general term that means ‘gracefully.’
Great staff | (See grand staff.)
Ground bass | A short bass pattern that is repeated continually as the other parts of the music vary. (Also basso ostinato.)
Grunge music | A style of rock music characterized by a harsh guitar sound and lazy vocal delivery; a hybrid of punk rock and heavy metal.
Guitar | A stringed instrument with a fretted fingerboard, typically incurved sides, and six or twelve strings; played by plucking or strumming with the fingers or a plectrum.
Gusto | A general term that means ‘enjoyment or zest.’